What is the thyroid?
Your thyroid is a large gland in your neck that secretes hormones that regulate growth and development through the rate of metabolism — the way your body uses energy. Typically, the thyroid gland is about two inches long and butterfly-shaped. There are two distinct sides to the thyroid, called lobes, located in the base of your neck. The thyroid sits in front of your throat and regulates many bodily functions including breathing, heart rate, body weight, menstrual cycles and body temperature.
There are several problems that can be traced back to an abnormality of the thyroid, ranging from painful swallowing to mood swings. Most problems can be detected by measuring the hormones that the thyroid produces. Your thyroid can also be scanned using an ultrasound, CT scan, MRI or X-rays. Some thyroid issues can be treated with medication and some must be treated with an operation.
There are several different types of thyroid surgery and which one is performed depends on the thyroid problem itself and the anatomy of the thyroid gland. Thyroid operations are recommended for patients with cancerous or benign (non-cancerous) thyroid growths, large thyroid glands (also known as goiters), or overactive and underactive thyroid glands. Surgery is also recommended for thyroid cancer, of which there are several different kinds.
The procedure for each of these disorders depends on the person and the way the disorder affects their thyroid. Some of the most common procedures are:
- Partial thyroid lobectomy: removes one half of one lobe of the thyroid
- Thyroid lobectomy: removes one lobe of the thyroid
- Thyroid lobectomy with isthmusectomy: removes one lobe of the thyroid and the part that connects the two lobes
- Subtotal thyroidectomy: removes all of the problem area and leaves a small, healthy portion of one lobe
- Total thyroidectomy: removes all of the thyroid
Dr. Suresh Raja focuses on minimally invasive surgery options. These treatments have reduced scarring and recovery time, letting you get back to your life as quickly as possible. If you have, or suspect you have, a thyroid problem and need surgical treatment, contact one of Dr. Raja’s offices, located in Wellington, Boynton Beach, Orlando, and Palm Beach Gardens and make an appointment. Dr. Raja is a board certified otolaryngologist with over 20 years of experience. Considered an expert in his field, you can feel secure in your decision to seek thyroid treatment with Dr. Raja.