Parathyroid Symptoms and Minimally-Invasive Surgical Options
Parathyroid glands are part of the endocrine system. They are located behind the thyroid gland (in the center on the front side of the neck). The glands produce the hormone PTH. They act as a regulator for calcium and phosphorus levels in the body. The level of calcium in the blood must be strictly regulated so that all the cells in the body can function properly; levels of calcium that are too high or too low can be life-threatening. There are two types of paraphyroid disorders: an overactive parathyroid, and an underactive parathyroid.
Hyperparathyroidism - the body produces too much PTH
Primary hyperparathyroidism is caused by adenoma, hyperplasia, and carcinoma. Secondary hyperparathyroidism features low blood calcium and high phosphorus levels. Even after treatment, persistent hyperparathyroidism may continue if blood calcium levels don’t balance out. In this case, further treatment is necessary. Further treatment is also required for recurrent hyperparathyroidism, which may occur six months or more after initial treatment.
A benign tumor or, in some cases, cancer, can cause the parathyroid gland to be overactive. Other causes include hormones produced from enlarged parathyroid glands.
Symptoms of Hyperparathyroidism include fatigue, depression, inability to concentrate, osteoporosis and ostiopenia, aching bones, sleep problems, memory problems, thinning hair, kidney stones, high blood pressure, frequent headaches, and heart palpitations.
Hypoparathyroidism - the parathyroid is underactive
Causes include genetic factors, endocrine disorders, or injury to the glands. Treatment includes restoring the balance of calcium and phosphorus.
Symptoms of Hypoparathyroidism include tingling in fingers, toes, and lips, muscle cramps, muscle spasms, fatigue, painful menstruation, hair loss, dry skin, brittle nails, headaches, depression, mood swings, and memory problems.
Your specialist may recommend surgery to treat a parathyroid condition. These surgeries are often minimally invasive, meaning your hospital stay is reduced to a minimum. Recovery time will be shorter, and there'll be little to no scarring. Some of these parathyroid surgeries include:
- Minimally invasive parathyroidectomy - one or more of the parathyroid glands are removed
- Bilateral neck exploration - all parathyroid organs are scanned, and removed if necessary. This technique is used to treat only the most severe hyperparathyroidism.
- Endoscopic parathyroidectomy - this involves a magnified view of parathyroid glands to promote the most complete treatment and safety precautions.
Dr. Suresh Raja offers the complete array of minimally invasive surgical procedures for treating parathyroid conditions. An expert in his field, Dr. Raja has been Florida’s trusted surgeon for over 20 years. Call our office today to schedule an appointment to discuss your symptoms.